You may not know it but the phrase OBGYN means Obstetrics and Gynecology, which is a specialty in medical field. Basically, obstetrics is a field of medicine that trains physicians on how to take care of pregnant patients properly and deliver their babies successfully. With regards to gynecology however, this is a field that is training physicians on how to diagnose and treat disorders of female reproductive organs.
Oftentimes, medical doctors train both specialties concurrently as both deals intimately with function, anatomy as well as pathophysiology of female reproductive tract. OBGYN doctors are non-surgically and surgically treating all women whether they are pregnant or not or just planning to become pregnant.
While it’s common for this kind of doctor to be women as well, there are also male doctors who are practicing OBGYN medicine. A doctor who is practicing OBGYN medicine may even be seen specializing in reproductive endocrinology, pelvic reconstructive surgery, oncology, family planning, perinatology, adolescent gynecology, menopausal gynecology or even pediatric.
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Perinatology is a field of medicine that is focusing on health of mother as well as the fetus with a special emphasis on fetal surgery or high risk pregnancy management. The time of and even around childbirth may be precipitous and the end goal of perinatologists is reduce mortality and morbidity for the mother and child.
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As for the job of a reproductive endocrinologist, their main focus is to assist patients with diagnosing, treating, understanding or sometimes dealing with infertility. While it is true that there are plenty of congenital, biological and anatomical causes of infertility, the diagnosis and the treatment are more focused on intervention that help couples to get pregnant. The physician will be performing series of tests on the patient and her partner too in order to figure out the main source of infertility and create a set of recommendations according to determined diagnosis.
OBGYN oncology on the other hand is a medical sub-specialty that is dealing with both non-surgical and surgical treatment of cancer found in the reproductive organs and the urinary tract of the female patient. Oftentimes, cancer spreads so fast and it is so important to contact an OBGYN doctor as soon as possible in order to determine what therapy can bring the most benefit. It doesn’t matter if a local excision is required, systematic chemotherapy or what, what matters most is that it’s done by an experienced and trained physician as they can be a big help in guiding and educating the patient to make an informed decision regarding their health.
On the other hand, pelvic reconstructive surgery is a common treatment done amongst women who have prolapse of pelvic organs as a result of childbirth or pregnancy or those who have urinary incontinence.